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Thermo-Mechanical Performance of Polylactide Composites Reinforced with Alkali-Treated Bamboo Fibers

1
Faculty of Materials and Energy, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
2
School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2018, 10(4), 401; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040401
Received: 20 March 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 4 April 2018
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Abstract

In this study, polylactide acid (PLA) is filled with bamboo fibers (BFs) to fabricate a biodegradable natural composite for industrial applications. The influence of pre-treatment of BFs using 4 wt % sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution at room temperature for 1 h on thermal and mechanical properties of resultant composites is systematically investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis demonstrate that the incorporation of treated BFs promotes higher glass transition and crystallization temperatures of the resultant composites relative to untreated fiber composites, whereas alkali treatment results in superior thermal stability. Furthermore, the fracture surfaces are characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The changes in morphology reveal the possible dissolution of hemicellulose and lignin by alkalization with NaOH, indicative of an improved interfacial adhesion. An increment in the tensile strength of composites is achieved through the reinforcement with treated fibers. However, a lower tensile modulus is found for composites reinforced with chemically modified BFs, which might be due to the partial conversion of cellulose I into II. The results highlight that the use of BFs could be a feasible candidate as reinforcements for the development of biodegradable composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: polylactic acid; fiber surface treatment; biocomposites; thermo-mechanical properties; interfacial adhesion polylactic acid; fiber surface treatment; biocomposites; thermo-mechanical properties; interfacial adhesion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, F.; Zhou, S.; Yang, M.; Chen, Z.; Ran, S. Thermo-Mechanical Performance of Polylactide Composites Reinforced with Alkali-Treated Bamboo Fibers. Polymers 2018, 10, 401.

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