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Polymers 2018, 10(3), 289; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10030289

Preparation and Characterization of Self-Colored Waterborne Polyurethane and Its Application in Eco-Friendly Manufacturing of Microfiber Synthetic Leather Base

School of Leather Chemistry and Engineering, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250353, China
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Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 27 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
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Abstract

A novel self-colored waterborne polyurethane (SCPU) was synthesized and used in the preparation of a microfiber synthetic leather (MS-Leather) base in order to reduce the pollution caused by N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and dyes. The SCPU was prepared using the reaction of a reactive brilliant red K-2G with a waterborne polyurethane which was then extended via a first generation of hyperbranched poly(amine-ester). With the introduction of the dye, new absorption peaks at 1118 cm−1 [S=O], 1413 cm−1 [N=N], and 1635 cm−1 [C=N] appeared in the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum of SCPU, and SCPU mean particle size increased to 162 nm. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) peak intensity of SCPU at 19.27° was 1310 cts. The thermal stability of SCPU at 200–280 °C was inferior to that of the control sample; however, it improved at temperatures above 360 °C. Finally, a free-dyeing MS-Leather base prepared by using SCPU without DMF was manufactured. It was found that the dyes were distributed mainly in the polyurethane matrix rather than in the microfibers. Moreover, the color changes of the base before and after being washed in both a water and a soap solution were 0.93 and 4.21, respectively. This indicated that the base’s washing color fastness to water was better than to a soap solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterborne polyurethane; self-colored polyurethane; microfiber synthetic leather; eco-friendly manufacture; color fastness to washing waterborne polyurethane; self-colored polyurethane; microfiber synthetic leather; eco-friendly manufacture; color fastness to washing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, Y.; Jin, L. Preparation and Characterization of Self-Colored Waterborne Polyurethane and Its Application in Eco-Friendly Manufacturing of Microfiber Synthetic Leather Base. Polymers 2018, 10, 289.

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