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Polymers 2018, 10(12), 1345; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10121345

Effect of Aging on Chemical and Rheological Properties of Bitumen

1
School of Civil Engineering and Transportation, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510000, China
2
Institute of Highway Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Mies-van-der-Rohe-Street 1, 52074 Aachen, Germany
3
Anhui Communications Vocational & Technical College, Taihu East Road, Baohe District, Hefei 230051, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 1 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Degradation and Stabilization of Polymer-Based Materials)
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Abstract

Engineering performance of asphalt pavement highly depends on the properties of bitumen, the bonding material to glue aggregates and fillers together. During the service period, bitumen is exposed to sunlight, oxygen and vehicle loading which in turn leads to aging and degradation. A comprehensive understanding of the aging mechanism of bitumen is of critical importance to enhance the durability of asphalt pavement. This study aims to determine the relations between micro-mechanics, chemical composition, and macro-mechanical behavior of aged bitumen. To this end, the effect of aging on micro-mechanics, chemical functional groups, and rheological properties of bitumen were evaluated by atomic force microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and dynamic shear rheometer tests, respectively. Results indicated that aging obviously increased the micro-surface roughness of bitumen. A more discrete distribution of micromechanics on bitumen micro-surface was noticed and its elastic behavior became more significant. Aging also resulted in raised content of carbonyl, sulfoxide, and aromatic ring functional groups. In terms of rheological behavior, the storage modulus of bitumen apparently increased after aging due to the transformation of viscous fractions to elastic fractions, making it stiffer and less viscous. By correlation analysis, it is noted that the bitumen rheological behavior was closely related to its micro-mechanics. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; functional group; micro mechanics; rheological property; bitumen aging; functional group; micro mechanics; rheological property; bitumen
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, Z.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, Z.; Zou, B.; Zhu, Z.; Lu, G.; Xu, W.; Yu, J.; Yu, H. Effect of Aging on Chemical and Rheological Properties of Bitumen. Polymers 2018, 10, 1345.

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