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Polymers 2018, 10(12), 1298; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10121298

Compressive Behavior of Aluminum Microfibers Reinforced Semi-Rigid Polyurethane Foams

1
Department of Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Politehnica University of Timisoara, 1 Mihai Viteazu Avenue, 300222 Timisoara, Romania
2
Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Politehnica University of Timisoara, 6 Vasile Parvan Avenue, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
3
National Institute of Research for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter, Aurel Paunescu Podeanu Street 144, 300569 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 November 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Foams)
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Abstract

Unreinforced and reinforced semi-rigid polyurethane (PU) foams were prepared and their compressive behavior was investigated. Aluminum microfibers (AMs) were added to the formulations to investigate their effect on mechanical properties and crush performances of closed-cell semi-rigid PU foams. Physical and mechanical properties of foams, including foam density, quasi-elastic gradient, compressive strength, densification strain, and energy absorption capability, were determined. The quasi-static compression tests were carried out at room temperature on cubic samples with a loading speed of 10 mm/min. Experimental results showed that the elastic properties and compressive strengths of reinforced semi-rigid PU foams were increased by addition of AMs into the foams. This increase in properties (61.81%-compressive strength and 71.29%-energy absorption) was obtained by adding up to 1.5% (of the foam liquid mass) aluminum microfibers. Above this upper limit of 1.5% AMs (e.g., 2% AMs), the compressive behavior changes and the energy absorption increases only by 12.68%; while the strength properties decreases by about 14.58% compared to unreinforced semi-rigid PU foam. The energy absorption performances of AMs reinforced semi-rigid PU foams were also found to be dependent on the percentage of microfiber in the same manner as the elastic and strength properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: semi-rigid polyurethane foams; aluminum microfibers; quasi-static compression tests; mechanical properties; energy absorption capability semi-rigid polyurethane foams; aluminum microfibers; quasi-static compression tests; mechanical properties; energy absorption capability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Linul, E.; Vălean, C.; Linul, P.-A. Compressive Behavior of Aluminum Microfibers Reinforced Semi-Rigid Polyurethane Foams. Polymers 2018, 10, 1298.

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