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Polymers 2018, 10(11), 1274; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10111274

Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Molecular Diffusion Equilibrium and Breakdown Mechanism of Oil-Impregnated Pressboard with Water Impurity

1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2,* , 1,2
and
1,2
1
Heilongjiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Dielectric Engineering, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150080, China
2
Key Laboratory of Engineering Dielectrics and Its Application, Ministry of Education, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150080, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 13 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
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Abstract

The water molecule migration and aggregation behaviors in oil-impregnated pressboard are investigated by molecular dynamics simulations in combination with Monte Carlo molecular simulation technique. The free energy and phase diagram of H2O-dodecylbenzene (DDB) and H2O-cellulose mixtures are calculated by Monte Carlo technique combined with the modified Flory-Huggins model, demonstrating that H2O molecules can hardly dissolved with infinitesimal content in cellulose system at temperature lower than 650 K, based on which the oil/cellulose layered structure with water impurity representing three-phase coexistence in oil-impregnated pressboard are modeled and performed for molecular dynamics. The molecular dynamics of H2O/DDB/cellulose three-phase mixture simulating oil-paper insulating system with H2O impurity indicates that DDB molecules can thermally intrude into the cellulose-water interface so as to separate the water phase and cellulose fiber. The first-principles electronic structure calculations for local region of H2O/DDB interface show that H2O molecules can introduce bound states to trap electrons and acquire negative charges, so that they will obtain sufficient energy from applied electric field to break DDB molecular chain by collision, which are verified by subsequent molecular dynamics simulations of H2O/DDB interface model. The electric breakdown mechanism under higher than 100 kV/m electric field is presented based on the further first-principles calculations of the produced carbonized fragments being dissolved and diffusing in DDB phase. The resulted broken DDB fragments will introduce impurity band between valence and conduction bands of DDB system, evidently decreasing bandgap as to that of conducting materials in their existence space. The conductance channel of these carbonized DDB fragments will eventually be formed to initiate the avalanche breakdown process by the cycle-feedback of injected charge carriers with carbonized channels. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil-impregnated pressboard; molecular dynamics simulation; phase equilibrium; electric breakdown oil-impregnated pressboard; molecular dynamics simulation; phase equilibrium; electric breakdown
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Guan, Y.; Chi, M.-H.; Sun, W.-F.; Chen, Q.-G.; Wei, X.-L. Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Molecular Diffusion Equilibrium and Breakdown Mechanism of Oil-Impregnated Pressboard with Water Impurity. Polymers 2018, 10, 1274.

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