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Polymers 2018, 10(11), 1267; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10111267

Biosynthesis and Characteristics of Aromatic Polyhydroxyalkanoates

1
Bioplastic Research Team, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 14 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aromatic Polymers)
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Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are polyesters synthesized by bacteria as a carbon and energy storage material. PHAs are characterized by thermoplasticity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility, and thus have attracted considerable attention for use in medical, agricultural, and marine applications. The properties of PHAs depend on the monomer composition and many types of PHA monomers have been reported. This review focuses on biosynthesized PHAs bearing aromatic groups as side chains. Aromatic PHAs show characteristics different from those of aliphatic PHAs. This review summarizes the types of aromatic PHAs and their characteristics, including their thermal and mechanical properties and degradation behavior. Furthermore, the effect of the introduction of an aromatic monomer on the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PHAs is discussed. The introduction of aromatic monomers into PHA chains is a promising method for improving the properties of PHAs, as the characteristics of aromatic PHAs differ from those of aliphatic PHAs. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA); aromatic polymer; biodegradable polyester; mechanical property; thermal property; glass transition temperature (Tg) polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA); aromatic polymer; biodegradable polyester; mechanical property; thermal property; glass transition temperature (Tg)
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Ishii-Hyakutake, M.; Mizuno, S.; Tsuge, T. Biosynthesis and Characteristics of Aromatic Polyhydroxyalkanoates. Polymers 2018, 10, 1267.

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