Multiscale Modification of Populus cathayana by Alkali Lignin Combined with Heat Treatment
AbstractChemical modification of wood with green modifiers is highly desirable for sustainable development. With the aim of enhancing the water resistance and dimensional stability of fast growing wood, modifications were conducted using renewable and toxicity-free industrial lignin combined with heat treatment. Poplar (Populus cathayana) samples first underwent impregnation with alkali lignin solution and were then subjected to heat treatment at 140–180 °C for two hours. The results indicated that the modified wood showed excellent leaching resistance. The alkali lignin treatment improved surface hydrophobicity and compression strength, and decreased moisture and water uptake, thereby reducing the dimensional instability of modified wood. These changes became more pronounced as the heat-treating temperature increased. Scanning electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy evidenced that a multiscale improvement of the alkali lignin occurred in the cell lumen and cell wall of wood fibers and vessels, with small alkali lignin molecules reacting with the wood matrix. This study paves the way for developing an effective modification approach for fast growing wood, as well as promoting the reuse of industrial lignin for high-value applications, and improves the sustainable development of the forestry industry. View Full-Text
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Zhou, H.; Li, J.; Ma, E. Multiscale Modification of Populus cathayana by Alkali Lignin Combined with Heat Treatment. Polymers 2018, 10, 1240.
Zhou H, Li J, Ma E. Multiscale Modification of Populus cathayana by Alkali Lignin Combined with Heat Treatment. Polymers. 2018; 10(11):1240.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Haizhen; Li, Jingyu; Ma, Erni. 2018. "Multiscale Modification of Populus cathayana by Alkali Lignin Combined with Heat Treatment." Polymers 10, no. 11: 1240.
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