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Polymers 2018, 10(10), 1090; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10101090

Kinetic, Isotherm, and Thermodynamic Studies for Ag(I) Adsorption Using Carboxymethyl Functionalized Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)

1,2,3,4
,
1,2,3,4,* , 1,2,3,4,* , 2,3,4
and
2,3,4
1
State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clean Utilization, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
2
National Local Joint Laboratory of Engineering Application of Microwave Energy and Equipment Technology, Kunming 650093, China
3
Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
4
Key Laboratory of Unconventional Metallurgical Ministry of Education, Kunming 650093, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2018 / Revised: 28 September 2018 / Accepted: 29 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018
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Abstract

Industrial wastewater contains large amounts of silver ions. Here, a new adsorbent was synthesized by functionalizing poly(glycidyl methacrylate) with carboxymethyl groups. The adsorbent was used to recover Ag(I) in wastewater. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, zeta potential, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize the adsorbent. The experimental parameters affecting the adsorption are solution pH, contact time, and initial silver ion concentration. The optimum pH for adsorption of Ag(I) is pH 4. The maximum adsorption capacity at pH 4 is 157.05 mg/g, and the adsorption reaches equilibrium at 300 min. The kinetics and isotherms of the adsorption process were described by pseudo second-order, Langmuir and D-R models, respectively. The adsorption process was a single layer chemical adsorption, exothermic, feasible, and spontaneous. The adsorption mechanism is electrostatic or chelation. The adsorbent selectively absorbed Ag(I) from coexisting ions (Cu2+, Ni2+, Co2+, Zn2+). Finally, the removal rate of silver ions decreased from 79.29% to 65.01% after four repetitive experiments, which proved that the adsorbent had good reusability. The adsorbent has great potential benefit in removing Ag(I). View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer; Ag (I), removal; mechanism; adsorption polymer; Ag (I), removal; mechanism; adsorption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, J.; Wang, S.; Zhang, L.; Wang, C.; Zhang, B. Kinetic, Isotherm, and Thermodynamic Studies for Ag(I) Adsorption Using Carboxymethyl Functionalized Poly(glycidyl methacrylate). Polymers 2018, 10, 1090.

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