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Polymers 2018, 10(10), 1054; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10101054

Preparation and Physicochemical Properties of Blend Films of Feather Keratin and Poly(vinyl alcohol) Compatibilized by Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane

1
Green Chemical Engineering Institute, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou 510225, China
2
Guangzhou Key Laboratory for Efficient Utilization of Agricultural Chemicals, Guangzhou 510225, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 18 September 2018 / Accepted: 19 September 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
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Abstract

Blend films of feather keratin (FK) and synthetic poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) that were compatibilized by tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris) were successfully prepared by a solution-casting method. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results showed that a phase separation occurred in the FK/PVA/Tris blended system. Analysis by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that the main interactions between the three components were hydrogen bonds. In addition, X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the FK/PVA/Tris blend films were partially crystalline. The barrier properties, mechanical properties, and contact angles of the FK/PVA/Tris films were investigated to determine the effects of the PVA and Tris concentrations. More specifically, upon increasing the PVA content, the elongation at break, the hydrophilicity, and the oxygen barrier properties were enhanced. However, at a constant PVA content, an increase in the Tris content caused the oxygen permeability and the contact angle to decrease, while the tensile strength, elongation at break, and oxygen barrier properties were enhanced. These results indicated that the mechanical properties and gas resistance of the FK/PVA/Tris blend films could be successfully improved using the method described herein, confirming that this route provided a convenient and promising means to prepare FK plastics for practical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: blend film; feather keratin; poly(vinyl alcohol); tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane; solution-casing; physicochemical properties blend film; feather keratin; poly(vinyl alcohol); tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane; solution-casing; physicochemical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, X.; Wu, S.; Yi, M.; Ge, J.; Yin, G.; Li, X. Preparation and Physicochemical Properties of Blend Films of Feather Keratin and Poly(vinyl alcohol) Compatibilized by Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane. Polymers 2018, 10, 1054.

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