Next Article in Journal
Crystallization and Stereocomplexation of PLA-mb-PBS Multi-Block Copolymers
Next Article in Special Issue
Theoretical Evaluation of the Influence of Molecular Packing Mode on the Intramolecular Reorganization Energy of Oligothiophene Molecules
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling of Structure Effect for Ferroelectric Capacitor Based on Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) Ultrathin Films
Previous Article in Special Issue
Passivating ZnO Surface States by C60 Pyrrolidine Tris-Acid for Hybrid Solar Cells Based on Poly(3-hexylthiophene)/ZnO Nanorod Arrays
Open AccessReview

Recent Development in ITO-free Flexible Polymer Solar Cells

by Shudi Lu 1,*,†, Yang Sun 2,†, Kuankuan Ren 2, Kong Liu 2, Zhijie Wang 2,* and Shengchun Qu 2,*
Department of Physics, Hebei Normal University of Science & Technology, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Polymers 2018, 10(1), 5;
Received: 16 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Solar Cells)
Polymer solar cells have shown good prospect for development due to their advantages of low-cost, light-weight, solution processable fabrication, and mechanical flexibility. Their compatibility with the industrial roll-to-roll manufacturing process makes it superior to other kind of solar cells. Normally, indium tin oxide (ITO) is adopted as the transparent electrode in polymer solar cells, which combines good conductivity and transparency. However, some intrinsic weaknesses of ITO restrict its large scale applications in the future, including a high fabrication price using high temperature vacuum deposition method, scarcity of indium, brittleness and scaling up of resistance with the increase of area. Some substitutes to ITO have emerged in recent years, which can be used in flexible polymer solar cells. This article provides the review on recent progress using other transparent electrodes, including carbon nanotubes, graphene, metal nanowires and nanogrids, conductive polymer, and some other electrodes. Device stability is also discussed briefly. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer solar cells; transparent electrodes; performance; flexibility; stability polymer solar cells; transparent electrodes; performance; flexibility; stability
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, S.; Sun, Y.; Ren, K.; Liu, K.; Wang, Z.; Qu, S. Recent Development in ITO-free Flexible Polymer Solar Cells. Polymers 2018, 10, 5.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop