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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010033

Polypropylene-Based Porous Membranes: Influence of Polymer Composition, Extrusion Draw Ratio and Uniaxial Strain

1
Centre Català del Plàstic, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, C/Colom 114, Terrassa 08222, Spain
2
Research Center for High Performance Polymers and Composite Systems, Chemical Engineering Department, Polytecnique Montréal, P.O. Box 6079, Montréal, QC H3C 3A7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Membranes)
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Abstract

Several commercial grades of homo-polymer and its blends were selected to prepare microporous membranes through melt extrusion-annealing-uniaxial stretching technique (MEAUS). Branched or very fluid polypropylene was employed to modify the polymeric composition. In some blends, micro-sized calcium carbonate was added. We analysed the influence of sample composition, extrusion draw ratio, and we performed a deep study concerning the uniaxial strain rate, using in some cases extreme strain rates and strain extents. The crystalline features were studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), and the morphology of porous structure was analyzed through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Thermal stability and thermomechanical performance was measured by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic-mechanical-thermal (DTMA) study. A close relationship was found between crystalline characteristics, porous morphology and the trends registered for permeability. View Full-Text
Keywords: polypropylene-based membranes; extrusion; porous morphology polypropylene-based membranes; extrusion; porous morphology
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Castejón, P.; Habibi, K.; Saffar, A.; Ajji, A.; Martínez, A.B.; Arencón, D. Polypropylene-Based Porous Membranes: Influence of Polymer Composition, Extrusion Draw Ratio and Uniaxial Strain. Polymers 2018, 10, 33.

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