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Open AccessArticle

The Microalloying Effect of Ce on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Entropy Bulk Metallic Glass Composites

1
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2019, 9(9), 483; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9090483
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 10 September 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 15 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys)
Novel ultra-strong medium entropy bulk metallic glasses composites (BMGCs) Fe65.4−xCexMn14.3Si9.4Cr10C0.9 and Ti40−xCexNi40Cu20 (x = 0, 1.0), through the martensite transformation induced plasticity (TRIP effect) to enhance both the ductility and work-hardening capability, were fabricated using magnetic levitation melting and copper mold suction via high frequency induction heating. Furthermore, the Ce microalloying effects on microstructure and mechanical behaviors were studied. The Fe-based BMGCs consisted of face-centered cubic (fcc) γ-Fe and body-centered cubic (bcc) α-Fe phase, as well as Ti-based BMGCs containing supercooled B2-Ti (Ni, Cu) and a thermally induced martensite phase B19’-Ti (Ni, Cu). As loading, the TRIP BMGCs exhibited work-hardening behavior, a high fracture strength, and large plasticity, which was attributed to the stress-induced transformation of ε-Fe martensite and B19’-Ti (Ni, Cu) martensite. Ce addition further improved the strengthening and toughening effects of TRIP BMGCs. Adding elemental Ce enhanced the mixing entropy ΔSmix and atomic size difference δ, while reducing the mixing enthalpy ΔHmix, thus improving the glass forming ability and delaying the phase transition process, and hence prolonging the work-hardening period before fracturing. The fracture strength σf and plastic stress εp of Ti39CeNi40Cu20 and Fe64.4CeMn14.3Si9.4Cr10C0.9 alloys were up to 2635 MPa and 13.8%, and 2905 MPa and 30.1%, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: bulk metallic glass composites; martensitic phase transformation; mechanical property bulk metallic glass composites; martensitic phase transformation; mechanical property
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, Y.; Zhao, P.; Li, W.; Kou, S.; Jiang, J.; Mao, X.; Yang, Z. The Microalloying Effect of Ce on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Entropy Bulk Metallic Glass Composites. Crystals 2019, 9, 483.

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