Reading and Misreading 8-oxoguanine, a Paradigmatic Ambiguous Nucleobase
Abstract7,8-Dihydro-8-oxoguanine (oxoG) is the most abundant oxidative DNA lesion with dual coding properties. It forms both Watson–Crick (anti)oxoG:(anti)C and Hoogsteen (syn)oxoG:(anti)A base pairs without a significant distortion of a B-DNA helix. DNA polymerases bypass oxoG but the accuracy of nucleotide incorporation opposite the lesion varies depending on the polymerase-specific interactions with the templating oxoG and incoming nucleotides. High-fidelity replicative DNA polymerases read oxoG as a cognate base for A while treating oxoG:C as a mismatch. The mutagenic effects of oxoG in the cell are alleviated by specific systems for DNA repair and nucleotide pool sanitization, preventing mutagenesis from both direct DNA oxidation and oxodGMP incorporation. DNA translesion synthesis could provide an additional protective mechanism against oxoG mutagenesis in cells. Several human DNA polymerases of the X- and Y-families efficiently and accurately incorporate nucleotides opposite oxoG. In this review, we address the mutagenic potential of oxoG in cells and discuss the structural basis for oxoG bypass by different DNA polymerases and the mechanisms of the recognition of oxoG by DNA glycosylases and dNTP hydrolases. View Full-Text
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Yudkina, A.V.; Shilkin, E.S.; Endutkin, A.V.; Makarova, A.V.; Zharkov, D.O. Reading and Misreading 8-oxoguanine, a Paradigmatic Ambiguous Nucleobase. Crystals 2019, 9, 269.
Yudkina AV, Shilkin ES, Endutkin AV, Makarova AV, Zharkov DO. Reading and Misreading 8-oxoguanine, a Paradigmatic Ambiguous Nucleobase. Crystals. 2019; 9(5):269.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yudkina, Anna V.; Shilkin, Evgeniy S.; Endutkin, Anton V.; Makarova, Alena V.; Zharkov, Dmitry O. 2019. "Reading and Misreading 8-oxoguanine, a Paradigmatic Ambiguous Nucleobase." Crystals 9, no. 5: 269.
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