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Open AccessReview

(Li1−xFex)OHFeSe Superconductors: Crystal Growth, Structure, and Electromagnetic Properties

1
Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Department of Materials and Optoelectronic Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Haidong Zhou
Crystals 2017, 7(6), 167; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst7060167
Received: 28 March 2017 / Revised: 22 May 2017 / Accepted: 3 June 2017 / Published: 6 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Correlated Electron Crystals)
This review focuses on the growth of high-quality (Li1−xFex)OHFeSe single crystals by a hydrothermal method using floating-zone-grown AxFe2−ySe2 (A = K, Rb, and Cs) as precursors. The structure, superconductivity, and magnetic behavior of the obtained crystals are highly influenced by the growth conditions, such as time, temperature, and composition. A phase diagram with temperature against the c-lattice constant is summarized including the antiferromagnetic spin density wave, superconducting, and paramagnetic phases. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron-based superconductor; (Li1−xFex)OHFeSe single crystal; hydrothermal growth; optical floating-zone growth; self-flux growth; Bridgman growth; high-temperature superconductivity; spin density wave; phase diagram; anisotropy iron-based superconductor; (Li1−xFex)OHFeSe single crystal; hydrothermal growth; optical floating-zone growth; self-flux growth; Bridgman growth; high-temperature superconductivity; spin density wave; phase diagram; anisotropy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, G.-Y.; Chou, M.M.-C.; Lin, C.-T. (Li1−xFex)OHFeSe Superconductors: Crystal Growth, Structure, and Electromagnetic Properties. Crystals 2017, 7, 167.

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