The lanthanum deficiency manganites La0.8-x□x
= 0, 0.1 and 0.2), where □ is a lanthanum vacancy, were prepared using the classic ceramic methods with different thermal treatments (1373 K and 973 K). The structural, magnetic, and magnetocaloric properties of these compounds were studied as a function of annealing temperature. It was noted that the annealing temperature did not affect the crystal structure of our samples (orthorhombic structure with Pnma space group). Nevertheless, a change in the variation of the unit cell volume V, the average bond length dMn–O
, and the average bond angles θMn–O–Mn
were observed. Magnetization versus temperature study has shown that all samples exhibited a magnetic transition from ferromagnetic (FM) to paramagnetic (PM) phase with increasing temperature. However, it can be clearly seen that the annealing at 973 K induced an increase of the magnetization. In addition, the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) as well as the relative cooling power (RCP) were estimated. As an important result, the values of MCE and RCP in our Lanthanum-deficiency manganites are reported to be near to those found in gadolinium, considered as magnetocaloric reference material.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited