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Article

Comparative Hybrid Hartree-Fock-DFT Calculations of WO2-Terminated Cubic WO3 as Well as SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) Surfaces

by 1,*, 1 and 1,2
1
Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, 8 Kengaraga Street, LV1063 Riga, Latvia
2
Laboratory of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Thomas M. Klapötke and Christian Rodenbücher
Crystals 2021, 11(4), 455; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst11040455
Received: 29 March 2021 / Revised: 17 April 2021 / Accepted: 19 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diffusion and Degradation Phenomena in Solid Oxide Materials)
We performed, to the best of our knowledge, the world’s first first-principles calculations for the WO2-terminated cubic WO3 (001) surface and analyzed the systematic trends in the WO3, SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) surface ab initio calculations. According to our first principles calculations, all WO2 or TiO2-terminated WO3, SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaZrO3 (001) surface upper-layer atoms relax inwards towards the crystal bulk, while all second-layer atoms relax upwards. The only two exceptions are outward relaxations of first layer WO2 and TiO2-terminated WO3 and PbTiO3 (001) surface O atoms. The WO2 or TiO2-terminated WO3, SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) surface-band gaps at the Γ–Γ point are smaller than their respective bulk-band gaps. The Ti–O chemical bond populations in the SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 bulk are smaller than those near the TiO2-terminated (001) surfaces. Conversely, the W–O chemical bond population in the WO3 bulk is larger than near the WO2-terminated WO3 (001) surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ab initio calculations; ABO3 (001) surfaces; WO3; hybrid exchange–correlation functionals Ab initio calculations; ABO3 (001) surfaces; WO3; hybrid exchange–correlation functionals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eglitis, R.I.; Purans, J.; Jia, R. Comparative Hybrid Hartree-Fock-DFT Calculations of WO2-Terminated Cubic WO3 as Well as SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) Surfaces. Crystals 2021, 11, 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst11040455

AMA Style

Eglitis RI, Purans J, Jia R. Comparative Hybrid Hartree-Fock-DFT Calculations of WO2-Terminated Cubic WO3 as Well as SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) Surfaces. Crystals. 2021; 11(4):455. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst11040455

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eglitis, R. I., Juris Purans, and Ran Jia. 2021. "Comparative Hybrid Hartree-Fock-DFT Calculations of WO2-Terminated Cubic WO3 as Well as SrTiO3, BaTiO3, PbTiO3 and CaTiO3 (001) Surfaces" Crystals 11, no. 4: 455. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst11040455

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