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Open AccessArticle

Microstructure and Texture Evolution during Twin-Roll Casting and Annealing of a Mg–6.8Y2.5Zn–0.4Zr Alloy (WZ73)

Institute of Metal Forming, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Bernhard-von-Cotta Straße 4, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2020, 10(6), 513;
Received: 8 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
In the present work, the microstructure and texture of a Mg–6.8Y–2.5Zn–0.4Zr sheet manufactured by twin-roll casting were investigated. The twin-roll cast state consisted of two apparent phases: the α-Mg matrix, which was made up of dobulites with an average grain size of approximately 50 µm and the LPSO (long-period stacking ordered) phase, which formed network-like precipitates along the grain boundaries. After twin-roll casting, annealing was carried out under conditions of different temperatures ranging from 450 °C to 525 °C and holding times between 2 h and 24 h. It was found that heat treatment led to the formation of a microstructure in which grains were apparent. Furthermore, it could be observed that high temperatures > 500 °C led to changes in the morphology of the LPSO structures. On one hand, the network-like structure dissolved while, on the other hand, both rodlike and blocky LPSO phases precipitated predominantly at the grain boundaries of the α-Mg matrix. This process was fostered by high temperatures and long holding times. View Full-Text
Keywords: twin-roll casting; WZ73; LPSO; texture twin-roll casting; WZ73; LPSO; texture
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Kittner, K.; Ullmann, M.; Arndt, F.; Kawalla, R.; Prahl, U. Microstructure and Texture Evolution during Twin-Roll Casting and Annealing of a Mg–6.8Y2.5Zn–0.4Zr Alloy (WZ73). Crystals 2020, 10, 513.

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