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Crystallographic Orientation Dependence of Mechanical Responses of FeCrAl Micropillars

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
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Crystals 2020, 10(10), 943; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10100943
Received: 4 October 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Plasticity at Micro- and Nano-scale Dimensions)
Iron-chromium-aluminum (FeCrAl) alloys are used in automobile exhaust gas purifying systems and nuclear reactors due to its superior high-temperature oxidation and excellent corrosion resistance. Single-phase FeCrAl alloys with a body centered cubic structure plastically deform through dislocation slips at room temperature. Here, we investigated the orientation dependence of mechanical responses of FeCrAl alloy through testing single-crystal and bi-crystal micropillars in a scanning electron microscopy at room temperature. Single-crystal micropillars were fabricated with specific orientations which favor the activity of single slip system or two slip systems or multiple slip systems. The strain hardening rate and flow strength increase with increasing the number of activated slip system in micropillars. Bi-crystal micropillars with respect to the continuity of slip systems across grain boundary were fabricated to study the effect of grain boundary on slip transmission. The high geometrical compatibility factor corresponds to a high flow strength and strain hardening rate. Experimental results provide insight into understanding mechanical response of FeCrAl alloy and developing the mechanisms-based constitutive laws for FeCrAl polycrystalline aggregates. View Full-Text
Keywords: FeCrAl; micropillar; dislocation; grain boundary; strain hardening FeCrAl; micropillar; dislocation; grain boundary; strain hardening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, D.; Wei, B.; Wu, W.; Wang, J. Crystallographic Orientation Dependence of Mechanical Responses of FeCrAl Micropillars. Crystals 2020, 10, 943.

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