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Open AccessArticle

First Principles Density Functional Theory Prediction of the Crystal Structure and the Elastic Properties of Mo2ZrB2 and Mo2HfB2

Institute of Materials and Joining Technology, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg, Germany
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Crystals 2020, 10(10), 865; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10100865
Received: 11 September 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermetallic)
The Molybdenum rich ternary alloys Mo-M-B (M = Zr, Hf) contain, next to the Mo solid solution (bcc Mo with small amounts of Zr or Hf as substitutional atoms), the binary borides Mo2B, MB and MB2. Recently, it was found that there is also ternary Mo2MB2, but the crystal structure and further properties are currently unknown. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were used not only to predict the crystal structure of the Mo2MB2 phases, but also to estimate the isotropic and anisotropic elastic properties like bulk, shear and Young’s modulus, as well as the Vickers hardness of these new borides. Several known crystal structures that fulfill the criterion of the chemical composition were investigated, and the AlMn2B2 type structure seems to be the most stable crystal structure for Mo2HfB2 and Mo2ZrB2 as there are no signs of electronic or dynamic instability. Regarding the elastic properties, it was found that Mo2HfB2 shows higher elastic moduli and is less elastically anisotropic than Mo2ZrB2. View Full-Text
Keywords: density functional theory; elastic properties; crystal structure; borides; intermetallics; molybdenum based alloys density functional theory; elastic properties; crystal structure; borides; intermetallics; molybdenum based alloys
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MDPI and ACS Style

Touzani, R.S.; Krüger, M. First Principles Density Functional Theory Prediction of the Crystal Structure and the Elastic Properties of Mo2ZrB2 and Mo2HfB2. Crystals 2020, 10, 865.

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