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Reaction of Glycerol with Trimethyl Orthoformate: Towards the Synthesis of New Glycerol Derivatives
Open AccessReview

Hydrogen from Renewables: A Case Study of Glycerol Reforming

1
Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale “Toso Montanari”, Alma Mater Studiorum—Università di Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento 4, 40136 Bologna, Italy
2
NIER Ingegneria SpA, Via C. Bonazzi 2-40013-Castel Maggiore, 40013 Bologna, Italy
3
Department of Chemistry and Biology, “Adolfo Zambelli” Università di Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(9), 722; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9090722
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 27 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Transformation of Glycerol)
Biomass is an interesting candidate raw material for the production of renewable hydrogen. The conversion of biomass into hydrogen can be achieved by several processes. In particular, this short review focuses on the recent advances in glycerol reforming to hydrogen, highlighting the development of new and active catalysts, the optimization of reaction conditions, and the use of non-innocent supports as advanced materials for supported catalysts. Different processes for hydrogen production from glycerol, especially aqueous phase reforming (APR) and steam reforming (SR), are described in brief. Thermodynamic analyses, which enable comparison with experimental studies, are also considered. In addition, research advances in terms of life cycle perspective applied to support R&D activities in the synthesis of renewable H2 from biomass are presented. Lastly, also featured is an evaluation of the studies published, as evidence of the increased interest of both academic research and the industrial community in biomass conversion to energy sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen; glycerol; Aqueous-phase reforming (APR); steam reforming (SR); Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) hydrogen; glycerol; Aqueous-phase reforming (APR); steam reforming (SR); Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fasolini, A.; Cespi, D.; Tabanelli, T.; Cucciniello, R.; Cavani, F. Hydrogen from Renewables: A Case Study of Glycerol Reforming. Catalysts 2019, 9, 722.

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