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Open AccessCommunication

Two Possible Side Reaction Pathways during Furanic Etherification

Key Laboratory of Bio-based Polymeric Materials Technology and Application of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1219 Zhongguan West Road, Ningbo 315021, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(9), 383;
Received: 16 August 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 8 September 2018
PDF [1797 KB, uploaded 8 September 2018]


The revealing mechanism of side reactions is crucial for obtaining theoretical yield in industrialization when 2,5-bis(methoxymethyl)furan (BMMF) yield is above 95%. By-products catalyzed by the conventional ZSM-5 (C-ZSM-5) and hierarchical porous ZSM-5 (HP-ZSM-5) catalytic systems were different, and some key by-products were identified. Thus, possible pathways were proposed, which helps to further improve BMMF selectivity. Additionally, HP-ZSM-5 exhibited quicker reaction rate, higher BMMF yield and selectivity, and slower deactivation process. The relatively weak acidity of HP-ZSM-5 suppresses the ring-opening reaction and subsequent side reactions, and introduction of mesopores improves mass transport and slightly increases hydration of 2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan (BHMF). View Full-Text
Keywords: etherification; furanic diether; heterogeneous catalysis; side reaction; ZSM-5 etherification; furanic diether; heterogeneous catalysis; side reaction; ZSM-5

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Fang, W.; Hu, H.; Ma, Z.; Wang, L.; Zhang, Y. Two Possible Side Reaction Pathways during Furanic Etherification. Catalysts 2018, 8, 383.

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