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Open AccessArticle

Plasma-Catalytic Mineralization of Toluene Adsorbed on CeO2

1
LPP, Ecole Polytechnique, UPMC, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91128 Palaiseau CEDEX, France
2
IMT Lille Douai, University Lille, SAGE, 59000 Lille, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(8), 303; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8080303
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasma Catalysis)
In the context of coupling nonthermal plasmas with catalytic materials, CeO2 is used as adsorbent for toluene and combined with plasma for toluene oxidation. Two configurations are addressed for the regeneration of toluene saturated CeO2: (i) in plasma-catalysis (IPC); and (ii) post plasma-catalysis (PPC). As an advanced oxidation technique, the performances of toluene mineralization by the plasma-catalytic systems are evaluated and compared through the formation of CO2. First, the adsorption of 100 ppm of toluene onto CeO2 is characterized in detail. Total, reversible and irreversible adsorbed fractions are quantified. Specific attention is paid to the influence of relative humidity (RH): (i) on the adsorption of toluene on CeO2; and (ii) on the formation of ozone in IPC and PPC reactors. Then, the mineralization yield and the mineralization efficiency of adsorbed toluene are defined and investigated as a function of the specific input energy (SIE). Under these conditions, IPC and PPC reactors are compared. Interestingly, the highest mineralization yield and efficiency are achieved using the in-situ configuration operated with the lowest SIE, that is, lean conditions of ozone. Based on these results, the specific impact of RH on the IPC treatment of toluene adsorbed on CeO2 is addressed. Taking into account the impact of RH on toluene adsorption and ozone production, it is evidenced that the mineralization of toluene adsorbed on CeO2 is directly controlled by the amount of ozone produced by the discharge and decomposed on the surface of the coupling material. Results highlight the key role of ozone in the mineralization process and the possible detrimental effect of moisture. View Full-Text
Keywords: toluene; CeO2; mineralization; in plasma-catalysis; post plasma-catalysis; relative humidity toluene; CeO2; mineralization; in plasma-catalysis; post plasma-catalysis; relative humidity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, Z.; Wang, X.; Foucher, E.; Thevenet, F.; Rousseau, A. Plasma-Catalytic Mineralization of Toluene Adsorbed on CeO2. Catalysts 2018, 8, 303.

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