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Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Derived from Bamboo Shoot as Solid Base Catalyst for Knoevenagel Condensation and Transesterification Reactions

1
International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Beijing 100102, China
2
Key Laboratory of Bio-based Materials, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China
3
School of Natural Resources, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
4
Material Science and Engineering, Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(6), 232; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8060232
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 4 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Sites in Catalytic Reaction)
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Abstract

Highly porous nitrogen-doped carbons derived from bamboo shoots (BSNCs) were prepared through an in-situ synthesis method. The results showed that BSNCs had a large specific surface area, a relatively high nitrogen content and hierarchically porous structures. The catalytic properties of BSNCs were evaluated based on Knoevenagel condensation and transesterification reactions. Deprotonated BSNC-700 exhibited high efficiency for the model reactions as a solid base catalyst, and the superior sample deprotonated in tBuOK solution with a concentration of 0.1 increased the conversion rate from 16.1% to 76.0% for Knoevenagel condensation. The two reactions proceeded smoothly in the presence of deprotonated BSNC-700. The results also showed that the catalyst could be recycled for several times for Knoevenagel condensation. The results from this research will provide a guideline to develop bamboo shoot as a precursor to fabricate a superb solid base catalyst. View Full-Text
Keywords: bamboo shoot; nitrogen doped; solid base catalyst; Knoevenagel condensation; transesterification bamboo shoot; nitrogen doped; solid base catalyst; Knoevenagel condensation; transesterification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mi, B.; Chen, X.; Jiang, C.; Wang, J.; Chen, X.; Zhang, B.; Liu, X.; Liu, Z.; Fei, B. Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon Derived from Bamboo Shoot as Solid Base Catalyst for Knoevenagel Condensation and Transesterification Reactions. Catalysts 2018, 8, 232.

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