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Open AccessArticle

Efficiently Enhancing Electrocatalytic Activity of α-MnO2 Nanorods/N-Doped Ketjenblack Carbon for Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Oxygen Evolution Reaction Using Facile Regulated Hydrothermal Treatment

Hunan Key Laboratory of Biomedical Nanomaterials and Devices, College of Life Sciences and Chemistry, Hunan University of Technology, Zhuzhou 412007, China
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Catalysts 2018, 8(4), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8040138
Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 25 March 2018 / Accepted: 28 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
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Abstract

Scalable, low-cost and highly efficient catalysis of oxygen electrocatalytic reactions (ORR/OER) are required for the rapid development of clean and renewable energy conversion/storage technologies. Herein, two types of α-MnO2 nanorods were prepared under hydrothermal treatment at 150 °C for 0.5 h (MnO2-150-0.5) or 120 °C for 12 h (MnO2-120-12), then supported on N-doped ketjenblack carbon (N-KB) as bi-functional ORR/OER catalysts. Their electrocatalytic activities toward ORR and OER were investigated systematically. As a result, MnO2-150-0.5/N-KB displays superior ORR catalytic activity, with much more positive half-wave potential and much larger limiting current density (0.76 V and 6.0 mA cm−2), comparable to those of 20 wt. % Pt/C (0.82 V and 5.10 mA cm−2). MnO2-150-0.5/N-KB also shows high electron transfer number (3.86~3.97) and low yield of peroxides (1–7%) during ORR process in the whole potential range of 0–1.0 V (vs. RHE). Meanwhile, the MnO2-150-0.5/N-KB also exhibits better OER activity with low overpotential, comparable to IrO2/N-KB. The excellent electrocatalytic activity of MnO2-150-0.5/N-KB can be attributed to the synergistic effect, relatively smaller size, higher amount of Mn3+, and low charge transfer resistance. This work offers a new strategy for scalable preparation of more efficient and cost-effective α-MnO2 bi-functional oxygen catalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: MnO2 nanorods; electrocatalysis; oxygen reduction reaction; oxygen evolution reaction; hydrothermal treatment MnO2 nanorods; electrocatalysis; oxygen reduction reaction; oxygen evolution reaction; hydrothermal treatment
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Wang, M.; Chen, K.; Liu, J.; He, Q.; Li, G.; Li, F. Efficiently Enhancing Electrocatalytic Activity of α-MnO2 Nanorods/N-Doped Ketjenblack Carbon for Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Oxygen Evolution Reaction Using Facile Regulated Hydrothermal Treatment. Catalysts 2018, 8, 138.

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