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Photocatalytic Performance and Degradation Mechanism of Aspirin by TiO2 through Response Surface Methodology

Engineering Research Center for Cold and Arid Regions Water Resource Comprehensive Utilization (Ministry of Education), School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China
Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
Key Laboratory of Comprehensive and Highly Efficient Utilization of Salt Lake Resources, Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xinning Road 18, Chengxi District, Xining 810008, China
College of Resources and Environment, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(3), 118;
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 11 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 16 March 2018
PDF [4511 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


In the present work, the photocatalytic performance of P25TiO2 was investigated by means of the degradation of aspirin, while the reaction system was systematically optimized by central composite design (CCD) based on the response surface methodology (RSM). In addition, three variables of initial pH value, initial aspirin concentration and P25 concentration were selected to assess the dependence of degradation efficiencies of aspirin. Meanwhile, a predicted model of degradation efficiency was estimated and checked using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results indicated that the PC removal of aspirin by P25 was significantly influenced by all these variables in descending order as follows: P25 concentration > initial aspirin concentration > initial pH value. Moreover, the parameters were optimized by the CCD method. Under the conditions of an initial pH value of 5, initial aspirin concentration of 10 mg/L and P25 concentration of 50 mg/L, the degradation efficiency of aspirin was 98.9%with 60 min of Xenon lamp irradiation. Besides, based on the liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry measurements, two main PC degradation pathways of aspirin by TiO2 were deduced and the tentative degradation mechanism was also proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis; aspirin; central composite design; response surface methodology; TiO2 photocatalysis; aspirin; central composite design; response surface methodology; TiO2

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Li, L.; Ma, Q.; Wang, S.; Song, S.; Li, B.; Guo, R.; Cheng, X.; Cheng, Q. Photocatalytic Performance and Degradation Mechanism of Aspirin by TiO2 through Response Surface Methodology. Catalysts 2018, 8, 118.

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