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Direct Hydroxylation of Benzene to Phenol over TS-1 Catalysts

Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 49;
Received: 2 January 2018 / Revised: 20 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
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We synthesized a TS-1 catalyst to directly hydroxylate benzene to phenol with H2O2 as oxidant and water as solvent. The samples were characterized by FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared), DR UV-Vis (Diffused Reflectance Ultraviolet Visible), XRD (X-ray diffraction), SEM(scanning electron microscope), TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope), XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), ICP (inductively coupled plasma spectrum), and N2 adsorption-desorption. A desirable phenol yield of 39% with 72% selectivity was obtained under optimized conditions: 0.15 g (0.34 to the mass of benzene) TS-1, 5.6 mmol C6H6, reaction time 45 min, 0.80 mL H2O2 (30%), 40.0 mL H2O, and reaction temperature 70 °C. The reuse of the TS-1 catalyst illustrated that the catalyst had a slight loss of activity resulting from slight Ti leaching from the first run and then kept stable. Almost all of the Ti species added in the preparation were successfully incorporated into the TS-1 framework, which were responsible for the good catalytic activity. Extraframework Ti species were not selective for hydroxylation. View Full-Text
Keywords: benzene; hydroxylation; phenol; TS-1 catalyst benzene; hydroxylation; phenol; TS-1 catalyst

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Luo, Y.; Xiong, J.; Pang, C.; Li, G.; Hu, C. Direct Hydroxylation of Benzene to Phenol over TS-1 Catalysts. Catalysts 2018, 8, 49.

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