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Preparation of ZnO-Loaded Lignin-Based Carbon Fiber for the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Hydroquinone

Ministry of Education of Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control, School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Baglio
Catalysts 2017, 7(6), 180;
Received: 10 March 2017 / Revised: 11 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 8 June 2017
PDF [3113 KB, uploaded 9 June 2017]


To improve the hydroquinone (HQ) determination limit in wastewater and contribute to the comprehensive utilization of lignin, a zinc oxide-loaded lignin-based carbon fiber (ZCF) was prepared by a combination of electrospinning and thermal treatment processes, and was applied in electrocatalytic oxidation of HQ using cyclic voltammetry (CV). The characterization of composites was conducted by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The CV curves demonstrate that a ZCF-modified electrode can efficiently enhance the electrochemical signal and provide a fast response to HQ with a linear range from 1 × 10−6 to 5 × 10−3 mol/L and a determination limit of 2.5 × 10−7 M. Compared with modification materials reported in other literature, it performs excellent. In addition, the effect of the scan rate and the stability of modified materials were also investigated to illustrate the electrochemical behavior on HQ determination. Under optimum conditions, the ZCF-modified electrode was also used for the simultaneous determination of HQ, catechol (CC), and resorcinol (RS), which could well separate the oxidation peaks of the three isomers. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignin; ZnO; carbon fiber; hydroquinone; electrocatalytic oxidation lignin; ZnO; carbon fiber; hydroquinone; electrocatalytic oxidation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wei, Y.; Song, M.; Yu, L.; Tang, X. Preparation of ZnO-Loaded Lignin-Based Carbon Fiber for the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Hydroquinone. Catalysts 2017, 7, 180.

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