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Promotive Effect of Sn2+ on Cu0/Cu+ Ratio and Stability Evolution of Cu/SiO2 Catalyst in the Hydrogenation of Dimethyl Oxalate

School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajendra S. Ghadwal
Catalysts 2017, 7(4), 122;
Received: 26 March 2017 / Revised: 13 April 2017 / Accepted: 14 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Small Molecule Activation and Catalysis)
PDF [3741 KB, uploaded 19 April 2017]


The influence of Sn2+doping on the structure and performance of silica supported copper catalyst was systematically investigated and characterised. Catalytic evaluation showed that the suitable content of Sn2+ introduced into a Cu/SiO2 catalyst evidently improved the catalytic activity and stability of ethylene glycol synthesis from dimethyl oxalate. X-ray diffraction and X-ray auger electron spectroscopy indicated that the Cu0/Cu+ ratio gradually increased with increasing Sn2+ content, and an appropriate proportion of Cu0/Cu+ ratio played a very significant role in this reaction. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the active copper particles in the Cu-xSn/SiO2 catalyst were smaller than those of the Cu/SiO2 catalyst. This result may be due to the introduction of Sn2+ species transformed into SnO2. Furthermore, SnO2 effectively segregated the active copper. These effects are beneficial in inhibiting the aggregation of copper in the catalysts, thereby improving the stability of the catalyst and prolonging the life span. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cu-xSn/SiO2; dimethyl oxalate; hydrogenation; Cu0/Cu+ ratio; stability Cu-xSn/SiO2; dimethyl oxalate; hydrogenation; Cu0/Cu+ ratio; stability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, C.; Wang, D.; Dai, B. Promotive Effect of Sn2+ on Cu0/Cu+ Ratio and Stability Evolution of Cu/SiO2 Catalyst in the Hydrogenation of Dimethyl Oxalate. Catalysts 2017, 7, 122.

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