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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of Biolubricant Basestocks from Epoxidized Soybean Oil

Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Catalysts 2017, 7(10), 309; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7100309
Received: 5 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 19 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Sustainable Processes in Biorefineries)
This work deals with the preparation of biolubricant basestocks through the ring-opening reaction of epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) by alcohols in presence of solid acid catalysts (SAC-13 resin). To this end, different experimental runs were carried out in a lab-scale reactor, analyzing the effect of the alcohol (methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol), catalyst mass loading (from 1 to 10 wt % with respect to the oil mass) and operating temperature (60–90 °C). The main focus of investigation was oxirane conversion. The study was complemented by FT-IR, 1H NMR and kinematic viscosity characterization of the different products of the ring-opening reaction. Experimental conversion data were fitted through a suitable kinetic model. Values of the best-fitting parameters in terms of rate constant, activation energy and catalyst reaction order were obtained, and were potentially useful for the design of an industrial process. View Full-Text
Keywords: biolubricants; acid exchange resin; epoxidized soybean oil; ring opening reaction; kinetic modelling biolubricants; acid exchange resin; epoxidized soybean oil; ring opening reaction; kinetic modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Turco, R.; Tesser, R.; Vitiello, R.; Russo, V.; Andini, S.; Serio, M.D. Synthesis of Biolubricant Basestocks from Epoxidized Soybean Oil. Catalysts 2017, 7, 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7100309

AMA Style

Turco R, Tesser R, Vitiello R, Russo V, Andini S, Serio MD. Synthesis of Biolubricant Basestocks from Epoxidized Soybean Oil. Catalysts. 2017; 7(10):309. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7100309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Turco, Rosa; Tesser, Riccardo; Vitiello, Rosa; Russo, Vincenzo; Andini, Salvatore; Serio, Martino Di. 2017. "Synthesis of Biolubricant Basestocks from Epoxidized Soybean Oil" Catalysts 7, no. 10: 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7100309

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