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Open AccessArticle

Visualization of Gas Distribution in a Model AP-XPS Reactor by PLIF: CO Oxidation over a Pd(100) Catalyst

Division of Combustion Physics, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
Division of Synchrotron Radiation Research, Lund University, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan J. Bravo-Suarez
Catalysts 2017, 7(1), 29;
Received: 24 November 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 11 January 2017 / Published: 17 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue In Situ and Operando Characterization in Catalysis)
In situ knowledge of the gas phase around a catalyst is essential to make an accurate correlation between the catalytic activity and surface structure in operando studies. Although ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) can provide information on the gas phase as well as the surface structure of a working catalyst, the gas phase detected has not been spatially resolved to date, thus possibly making it ambiguous to interpret the AP-XPS spectra. In this work, planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) is used to visualize the CO2 distribution in a model AP-XPS reactor, during CO oxidation over a Pd(100) catalyst. The results show that the gas composition in the vicinity of the sample measured by PLIF is significantly different from that measured by a conventional mass spectrometer connected to a nozzle positioned just above the sample. In addition, the gas distribution above the catalytic sample has a strong dependence on the gas flow and total chamber pressure. The technique presented has the potential to increase our knowledge of the gas phase in AP-XPS, as well as to optimize the design and operating conditions of in situ AP-XPS reactors for catalysis studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: AP-XPS; PLIF; boundary layer; CO oxidation AP-XPS; PLIF; boundary layer; CO oxidation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, J.; Blomberg, S.; Gustafson, J.; Lundgren, E.; Zetterberg, J. Visualization of Gas Distribution in a Model AP-XPS Reactor by PLIF: CO Oxidation over a Pd(100) Catalyst. Catalysts 2017, 7, 29.

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