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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Highly Efficient Tetranuclear ZnII2LnIII2 Catalysts for the Friedel–Crafts Alkylation of Indoles and Nitrostyrenes

Department of Chemistry, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QJ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xiao-Feng Wu
Catalysts 2016, 6(9), 140;
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 13 August 2016 / Accepted: 1 September 2016 / Published: 12 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organometallic Catalysis for Organic Synthesis)
PDF [1470 KB, uploaded 12 September 2016]


We demonstrate for the first time the high efficacy of tetranuclear ZnII2LnIII2 coordination clusters (CCs) as catalysts for the Friedel–Crafts (FC) alkylation of indoles with a range of trans-β-nitrostyrenes. The reaction proceeds in good to excellent yields (76%–99%) at room temperature with catalyst loadings as low as 1.0 mol %. View Full-Text
Keywords: Friedel–Crafts alkylation; Zn/4f; coordination clusters Friedel–Crafts alkylation; Zn/4f; coordination clusters

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kumar, P.; Lymperopoulou, S.; Griffiths, K.; Sampani, S.I.; Kostakis, G.E. Highly Efficient Tetranuclear ZnII2LnIII2 Catalysts for the Friedel–Crafts Alkylation of Indoles and Nitrostyrenes. Catalysts 2016, 6, 140.

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