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Open AccessArticle

Simple Preparation of Pd Core Nanoparticles for Pd Core/Pt Shell Catalyst and Evaluation of Activity and Durability for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan
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Academic Editor: Minhua Shao
Catalysts 2015, 5(3), 1375-1387; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal5031375
Received: 18 May 2015 / Revised: 14 July 2015 / Accepted: 18 July 2015 / Published: 28 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrocatalysis in Fuel Cells)
Pd core nanoparticles less than 5 nm in mean size were prepared on carbon black (CB) without any stabilizer by using palladium acetate as a precursor and CO as a reducing agent, and then used for preparing Pd core/Pt shell nanoparticles-loaded CB (Pt/Pd/CB). The mean size of Pd nanoparticles could be controlled by the concentration of palladium acetate and the CO bubbling time. The cyclic voltammograms of two Pd nanoparticles-loaded CB (Pd4.2/CB, Pd3.3/CB) electrodes whose mean size was 4.2 and 3.3 nm, respectively, had characteristics similar to a Pt electrode after the formation of a Pt monolayer shell, suggesting that the Pd core nanoparticles were almost covered with the Pt monolayer shell. The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on both Pt/Pd/CB proceeded in 4-electron reduction mechanism. Both Pt/Pd/CB electrodes was ca. 1.5 times higher in ORR activity per electrochemical surface area of Pt (specific activity, SA) than the commercial Pt nanoparticles-loaded CB (Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo, Pt/CB-TKK) electrode, and the Pt/Pd3.3/CB electrode had higher SA than the Pt/Pd4.2/CB electrode. The ORR activity per unit mass of Pt for both Pt/Pd/CB electrodes was 5.0 and 5.5 times as high as that for the Pt/CB-TKK electrode, respectively. The durability of both Pt/Pd/CB electrodes was comparable to that of Pt/CB-TKK. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxygen reduction reaction; Pd nanoparticle; Pd core/Pt shell; carbon monoxide oxygen reduction reaction; Pd nanoparticle; Pd core/Pt shell; carbon monoxide
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Inoue, H.; Sakai, R.; Kuwahara, T.; Chiku, M.; Higuchi, E. Simple Preparation of Pd Core Nanoparticles for Pd Core/Pt Shell Catalyst and Evaluation of Activity and Durability for Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Catalysts 2015, 5, 1375-1387.

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