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Review

Non-Thermal Plasma for Process and Energy Intensification in Dry Reforming of Methane

1
Department of Optimization of Chemical and Biotechnological Equipment, St. Petersburg State Institute of Technology (Technical University), St. Petersburg 190013, Russia
2
Resource-Saving Department, St. Petersburg State Institute of Technology (Technical University), St. Petersburg 190013, Russia
3
Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Åbo (Turku), Finland
4
School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
5
Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(11), 1358; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10111358
Received: 2 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 22 November 2020
Plasma-assisted dry reforming of methane (DRM) is considered as a potential way to convert natural gas into fuels and chemicals under near ambient temperature and pressure; particularly for distributed processes based on renewable energy. Both catalytic and photocatalytic technologies have been applied for DRM to investigate the CH4 conversion and the energy efficiency of the process. For conventional catalysis; metaldoped Ni-based catalysts are proposed as a leading vector for further development. However; coke deposition leads to fast deactivation of catalysts which limits the catalyst lifetime. Photocatalysis in combination with non-thermal plasma (NTP), on the other hand; is an enabling technology to convert CH4 to more reactive intermediates. Placing the catalyst directly in the plasma zone or using post-plasma photocatalysis could generate a synergistic effect to increase the formation of the desired products. In this review; the recent progress in the area of NTP-(photo)catalysis applications for DRM has been described; with an in-depth discussion of novel plasma reactor types and operational conditions including employment of ferroelectric materials and nanosecond-pulse discharges. Finally, recent developments in the area of optical diagnostic tools for NTP, such as optical emission spectroscopy (OES), in-situ FTIR, and tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS), are reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalyst; non-thermal plasma; post-plasma catalysis; dry reforming of methane; optical emission spectroscopy; dielectric barrier discharge; plasma jet reactor; pulsed plasma jet; ferroelectrics; syngas; energy efficiency photocatalyst; non-thermal plasma; post-plasma catalysis; dry reforming of methane; optical emission spectroscopy; dielectric barrier discharge; plasma jet reactor; pulsed plasma jet; ferroelectrics; syngas; energy efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abiev, R.S.; Sladkovskiy, D.A.; Semikin, K.V.; Murzin, D.Y.; Rebrov, E.V. Non-Thermal Plasma for Process and Energy Intensification in Dry Reforming of Methane. Catalysts 2020, 10, 1358. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10111358

AMA Style

Abiev RS, Sladkovskiy DA, Semikin KV, Murzin DY, Rebrov EV. Non-Thermal Plasma for Process and Energy Intensification in Dry Reforming of Methane. Catalysts. 2020; 10(11):1358. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10111358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abiev, Rufat S.; Sladkovskiy, Dmitry A.; Semikin, Kirill V.; Murzin, Dmitry Y.; Rebrov, Evgeny V. 2020. "Non-Thermal Plasma for Process and Energy Intensification in Dry Reforming of Methane" Catalysts 10, no. 11: 1358. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10111358

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