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Games 2018, 9(4), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/g9040096

Belief Heterogeneity and the Restart Effect in a Public Goods Game

Department of Economics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Norms and Games)
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Abstract

We explore how subjects with heterogeneous beliefs respond to a surprise restart in a linear public goods game played for 20 rounds using either a “partners” or a “strangers” protocol. There are two restarts: one prior to Round 11 and another prior to Round 16. We elicit subject beliefs at the outset and classify subjects into three groups—Top, Middle, and Bottom—depending on their prior beliefs about their peers’ contributions to the public good. Then, we look at how these three groups respond, in terms of their beliefs and contributions, before and after the restart. We replicate the restart effect, but find that (i) it is much more pronounced for partner matching than for stranger matching and (ii) it is less pronounced in treatments with belief elicitation compared to control treatments where beliefs are not elicited. We also find that the restart has the effect of regenerating a sense of optimism among the subjects, which is reflected in increased contributions subsequently. This increase in contribution is driven mostly by those subjects who started the game with relatively more optimistic beliefs. Our results have implications for sustaining cooperation in social dilemma games. View Full-Text
Keywords: public goods; restart; experiments public goods; restart; experiments
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Chaudhuri, A. Belief Heterogeneity and the Restart Effect in a Public Goods Game. Games 2018, 9, 96.

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