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Computers 2018, 7(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/computers7040050

Distance-Constrained Outage Probability Analysis for Device-to-Device Communications Underlaying Cellular Networks with Frequency Reuse Factor of 2

Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Gwangju 61452, Korea
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Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 6 October 2018
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Abstract

Device-to-device (D2D) communication is affirmed as one of the dynamic techniques in improving the network throughput and capacity and reducing traffic load to the evolved Node B (eNB). In this paper, we propose a resource allocation and power control technique in which two-pairs of D2D users can simultaneously share same uplink cellular resource. In this case, interference between D2D users and cellular users is no longer insignificant so it must be properly handled. The proposed scheme considers fractional frequency reuse (FFR) scheme as a promising method that can relatively reduce the intra-cell interference. The main objective of the proposed scheme is to maximize the D2D communication throughput and overall system throughput by minimizing outage probability. Hence, we formulate an outage probability problem and overall system throughput optimization problem while guaranteeing minimum allowable signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). For fair distribution of cellular resources to multiple D2D pairs, we used Jain's fairness index (JFI) method. Simulation is conducted in MATLAB and our simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme achieves remarkable system performance as compared with existing methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: device-to-device communication; fractional frequency reuse; outage probability; Jain’s fairness index; throughput device-to-device communication; fractional frequency reuse; outage probability; Jain’s fairness index; throughput
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ningombam, D.D.; Shin, S. Distance-Constrained Outage Probability Analysis for Device-to-Device Communications Underlaying Cellular Networks with Frequency Reuse Factor of 2. Computers 2018, 7, 50.

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