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A New Method of Disabling Face Detection by Drawing Lines between Eyes and Mouth

1
The Graduate School of Bionics, Computer and Media Sciences, Tokyo University of Technology, 1404-1 Katakuramachi, Hachioji City 192-0982, Tokyo, Japan
2
The School of Computer Science, Tokyo University of Technology, 1404-1 Katakuramachi, Hachioji City 192-0982, Tokyo, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mariofanna Milanova, Friedhelm Schwenker, Xavier Alameda-Pineda and Paolo Bellavista
Computers 2022, 11(9), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/computers11090134
Received: 12 July 2022 / Revised: 20 August 2022 / Accepted: 6 September 2022 / Published: 8 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multimodal Pattern Recognition of Social Signals in HCI)
Face swapping technology is approaching maturity, and it is difficult to distinguish between real images and fake images. In order to prevent malicious face swapping and ensure the privacy and security of personal photos, we propose a new way to disable the face detector in the face detection stage, which is to add a black line structure to the face part. Using neural network visualization, we found that the black line structure can interrupt the continuity of facial features extracted by the face detector, thus making the three face detectors MTCNN, S3FD, and SSD fail simultaneously. By widening the width of the black line, MTCNN, S3FD, and SSD are able to reach probability of failure levels up to 95.7%. To reduce the amount of perturbation added and determine the effective range of perturbation addition, we firstly experimentally prove that adding perturbation to the background cannot interfere with the detector’s detection of faces. View Full-Text
Keywords: filtering method; image discrimination and classification; human image processing; face detection; adversarial attack filtering method; image discrimination and classification; human image processing; face detection; adversarial attack
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, C.; Kameda, H. A New Method of Disabling Face Detection by Drawing Lines between Eyes and Mouth. Computers 2022, 11, 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers11090134

AMA Style

Zhang C, Kameda H. A New Method of Disabling Face Detection by Drawing Lines between Eyes and Mouth. Computers. 2022; 11(9):134. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers11090134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Chongyang, and Hiroyuki Kameda. 2022. "A New Method of Disabling Face Detection by Drawing Lines between Eyes and Mouth" Computers 11, no. 9: 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers11090134

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