Next Article in Journal
The Therapeutic Targeting of HGF/c-Met Signaling in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Alternative Approaches
Previous Article in Journal
Dysregulation of miRNA Expression in Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) and Its Consequences on the Tumor Microenvironment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Physical Activity and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Research
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Cancers 2017, 9(6), 55;

Self-Esteem and Academic Difficulties in Preadolescents and Adolescents Healed from Paediatric Leukaemia

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padua 35131, Italy
Faculty of Education, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Brixen-Bressanone 39042, Italy
Department of Child and Woman Health, Oncology Hematology Division, University-Hospital of Padua, Padua 35127, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Siu Fun Wong
Received: 4 April 2017 / Revised: 14 May 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality of Life for Cancer Patients)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1247 KB, uploaded 26 May 2017]   |  


Adolescents with cancer may demonstrate problems in their self-esteem and schooling. This study aims to screen the preadolescents and adolescents more at risk in their self-esteem perception and schooling difficulties post-five years from the end of therapy. Twenty-five paediatric ex-patients healed from leukaemia were recruited at the Haematology-Oncologic Clinic (University of Padua). The mean age of the children was 13.64 years (Standard Deviation (SD)) = 3.08, range = 10–19 years), most were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) (84%) and relatively equally distributed by gender. They filled in the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Test, while parents completed a questionnaire on their child’s schooling. Global self-esteem was mostly below the 50 percentile (58.5%), especially regarding interpersonal relationships (75%). An independent sample t-test showed significant mean differences on the emotionality scale (t = 2.23; degree of freedom (df) = 24; p = 0.03) and in the bodily experience scale (t = 3.02; df = 24; p = 0.006) with survivors of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) having lower scores. An Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) showed significant mean differences in the bodily experience scale (F = 12.31; df = 2, p = 0.0001) depending on the survivors’ assigned risk band. The parent reports showed that 43.5% of children had difficulties at school. Childhood AML survivors with a high-risk treatment were more at risk in their self-esteem perceptions. Preventive interventions focusing on self-esteem and scholastic wellbeing are suggested in order to help their return to their normal schedules. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-esteem; school achievement; preadolescents; adolescents; leukaemia; survivors self-esteem; school achievement; preadolescents; adolescents; leukaemia; survivors

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tremolada, M.; Taverna, L.; Bonichini, S.; Basso, G.; Pillon, M. Self-Esteem and Academic Difficulties in Preadolescents and Adolescents Healed from Paediatric Leukaemia. Cancers 2017, 9, 55.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Cancers EISSN 2072-6694 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top