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Review

Argonaute Proteins Take Center Stage in Cancers

by 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Biomedicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
2
Wallenberg Centre for Molecular and Translational Medicine, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lyndsay Rhodes
Cancers 2021, 13(4), 788; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13040788
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 13 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Non-Coding RNA in Cancer)
The dysregulation of RNA interference (RNAi) has often been observed in cancers, where the main focus of research has been on the small RNA molecules directing RNAi. In this review, we focus on the activity of Argonaute proteins, central components of RNAi, in tumorigenesis, and also highlight their potential applications in grading tumors and anti-cancer therapies.
Argonaute proteins (AGOs) play crucial roles in RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) formation and activity. AGOs loaded with small RNA molecules (miRNA or siRNA) either catalyze endoribonucleolytic cleavage of target RNAs or recruit factors responsible for translational silencing and target destabilization. miRNAs are well characterized and broadly studied in tumorigenesis; nevertheless, the functions of the AGOs in cancers have lagged behind. Here, we discuss the current state of knowledge on the role of AGOs in tumorigenesis, highlighting canonical and non-canonical functions of AGOs in cancer cells, as well as the biomarker potential of AGO expression in different of tumor types. Furthermore, we point to the possible application of the AGOs in development of novel therapeutic approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: Argonaute; miRNA; cancer; tumorigenesis; biomarker; therapeutics Argonaute; miRNA; cancer; tumorigenesis; biomarker; therapeutics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nowak, I.; Sarshad, A.A. Argonaute Proteins Take Center Stage in Cancers. Cancers 2021, 13, 788. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13040788

AMA Style

Nowak I, Sarshad AA. Argonaute Proteins Take Center Stage in Cancers. Cancers. 2021; 13(4):788. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13040788

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nowak, Iwona, and Aishe A. Sarshad 2021. "Argonaute Proteins Take Center Stage in Cancers" Cancers 13, no. 4: 788. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13040788

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