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Colorectal Cancer and Bone Tissue: Fantastic Relations and Where to Find Them

Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute of Gastroenterology “S. de Bellis” Research Hospital, 70013 Castellana Grotte, Italy
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Cancers 2020, 12(8), 2029; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12082029
Received: 11 May 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Growth Factors as Master Regulators of Cancer Progression)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. There is a need for the early diagnosis of CRC for a better prognostic outcome. It is, therefore, crucial to understand the CRC pathogenesis in all its aspects. In many cases, one of the main causes of cancer-related deaths is the presence of metastases. In this context, an often overlooked aspect is the metastatic tropism, since CRC, like other cancers, is more prone to metastasize some organs rather than others. Beyond the liver and lung, and differently from other types of cancers, a not usual site of CRC metastases is the bone. However, it may assume a crucial role in the development and the outcome of the disease. Therefore, this review aims to discuss the complex relations between bone markers and CRC pathogenesis, suggesting the use of these molecules as potential targets for therapeutic purposes. Different osteogenic molecules, some of whom are growth factors and are implicated in the different osteogenic pathways, have been proved to also be involved in CRC progression. Some of them are oncogenes, while others oncosuppressors, and in a future perspective, some of them may represent new potential CRC biomarkers. View Full-Text
Keywords: colorectal cancer; bone tissue; growth factors; metastases colorectal cancer; bone tissue; growth factors; metastases
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Gigante, I.; Tutino, V.; De Nunzio, V.; Notarnicola, M. Colorectal Cancer and Bone Tissue: Fantastic Relations and Where to Find Them. Cancers 2020, 12, 2029.

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