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Communication

LncRNA-mRNA Co-Expression Analysis Identifies AL133346.1/CCN2 as Biomarkers in Pediatric B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology III and Immunology, University of Granada, Av. de la Investigación 11, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
GENYO, Centre for Genomics and Oncological Research, Pfizer/University of Granada/Andalusian Regional Government, Av. de la Ilustración 114, 18016 Granada, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (ibs. Granada), Av. Fuerzas Armadas 2, 18014 Granada, Spain
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, University of Granada, Av. de Fuente Nueva S/N, 18071 Granada, Spain
5
Department of Clinical Analysis and Immunology, UGC Laboratorio Clínico, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, 18014 Granada, Spain
6
Hematology Laboratory, Institut de Recerca Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
7
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), ISCIII, 28029 Madrid, Spain
8
Leukemia and Other Pediatric Hemopathies, Developmental Tumors Biology Group, Institut de Recerca Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, 08950 Barcelona, Spain
9
Hematology Laboratory, Universitary Regional Hospital, Av. de Carlos Haya, 29010 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Cancers 2020, 12(12), 3803; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12123803
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
Dysregulation of noncoding RNAs has been described in numerous types of cancers and it has been associated with oncogenic or tumor suppressor activities. However, the signature of clinically relevant noncoding RNAs in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is still poorly understood. In a search for long non-coding RNAs that characterize pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, we found that the long non-coding RNA AL133346.1 and a neighbouring protein-coding mRNA (CCN2) were significantly over-expressed in leukemia samples compared to healthy bone marrow. Survival analysis showed that patients with high CCN2 expression had a significantly better prognosis. These data suggest that AL133346.1/CCN2 could be useful for discriminating subtypes of leukemia and that CCN2 expression could predict the prognosis of pediatric patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Pediatric acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) constitutes a heterogeneous and aggressive neoplasia in which new targeted therapies are required. Long non-coding RNAs have recently emerged as promising disease-specific biomarkers for the clinic. Here, we identified pediatric B-ALL-specific lncRNAs and associated mRNAs by comparing the transcriptomic signatures of tumoral and non-tumoral samples. We identified 48 lncRNAs that were differentially expressed between pediatric B-ALL and healthy bone marrow samples. The most relevant lncRNA/mRNA pair was AL133346.1/CCN2 (previously known as RP11-69I8.3/CTGF), whose expression was positively correlated and increased in B-ALL samples. Their differential expression pattern and their strong correlation were validated in external B-ALL datasets (Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments, Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia). Survival curve analysis demonstrated that patients with “high” expression levels of CCN2 had higher overall survival than those with “low” levels (p = 0.042), and this gene might be an independent prognostic biomarker in pediatric B-ALL. These findings provide one of the first detailed descriptions of lncRNA expression profiles in pediatric B-ALL and indicate that these potential biomarkers could help in the classification of leukemia subtypes and that CCN2 expression could predict the survival outcome of pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: CTGF; CCN2; AL133346.1; lncRNA expression; biomarker; pediatric B-ALL CTGF; CCN2; AL133346.1; lncRNA expression; biomarker; pediatric B-ALL
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cuadros, M.; García, D.J.; Andrades, A.; Arenas, A.M.; Coira, I.F.; Baliñas-Gavira, C.; Peinado, P.; Rodríguez, M.I.; Álvarez-Pérez, J.C.; Ruiz-Cabello, F.; Camós, M.; Jiménez-Velasco, A.; Medina, P.P. LncRNA-mRNA Co-Expression Analysis Identifies AL133346.1/CCN2 as Biomarkers in Pediatric B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Cancers 2020, 12, 3803. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12123803

AMA Style

Cuadros M, García DJ, Andrades A, Arenas AM, Coira IF, Baliñas-Gavira C, Peinado P, Rodríguez MI, Álvarez-Pérez JC, Ruiz-Cabello F, Camós M, Jiménez-Velasco A, Medina PP. LncRNA-mRNA Co-Expression Analysis Identifies AL133346.1/CCN2 as Biomarkers in Pediatric B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Cancers. 2020; 12(12):3803. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12123803

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cuadros, Marta, Daniel J. García, Alvaro Andrades, Alberto M. Arenas, Isabel F. Coira, Carlos Baliñas-Gavira, Paola Peinado, María I. Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Álvarez-Pérez, Francisco Ruiz-Cabello, Mireia Camós, Antonio Jiménez-Velasco, and Pedro P. Medina. 2020. "LncRNA-mRNA Co-Expression Analysis Identifies AL133346.1/CCN2 as Biomarkers in Pediatric B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia" Cancers 12, no. 12: 3803. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12123803

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