Varlitinib Downregulates HER/ERK Signaling and Induces Apoptosis in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells
AbstractTriple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a complex disease associated with the aggressive phenotype and poor prognosis. TNBC harbors heterogeneous molecular subtypes with no approved specific targeted therapy. It has been reported that HER receptors are overexpressed in breast cancer including TNBC. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of varlitinib, a reversible small molecule pan-HER inhibitor in TNBC. Our results showed that varlitinib reduced cell viability and induced cell apoptosis in most TNBC cell lines but not in MDA-MB-231 cells. MEK and ERK inhibition overcame resistance to varlitinib in MDA-MB-231 cells. Varlitinib inhibited HER signaling which led to inhibition of migration, invasion and mammosphere formation of TNBC cells as well as significant suppression of tumor growth of MDA-MB-468 xenograft mouse model. In summary, these results suggest that HER signaling plays an important role in TNBC progression and that pan-HER inhibition is potentially an effective treatment for TNBC patients. View Full-Text
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Liu, C.-Y.; Chu, P.-Y.; Huang, C.-T.; Chen, J.-L.; Yang, H.-P.; Wang, W.-L.; Lau, K.-Y.; Lee, C.-H.; Lan, T.-Y.; Huang, T.-T.; Lin, P.-H.; Dai, M.-S.; Tseng, L.-M. Varlitinib Downregulates HER/ERK Signaling and Induces Apoptosis in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells. Cancers 2019, 11, 105.
Liu C-Y, Chu P-Y, Huang C-T, Chen J-L, Yang H-P, Wang W-L, Lau K-Y, Lee C-H, Lan T-Y, Huang T-T, Lin P-H, Dai M-S, Tseng L-M. Varlitinib Downregulates HER/ERK Signaling and Induces Apoptosis in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells. Cancers. 2019; 11(1):105.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Chun-Yu; Chu, Pei-Yi; Huang, Chun-Teng; Chen, Ji-Lin; Yang, Hsiu-Ping; Wang, Wan-Lun; Lau, Ka-Yi; Lee, Chia-Han; Lan, Tien-Yun; Huang, Tzu-Ting; Lin, Po-Han; Dai, Ming-Shen; Tseng, Ling-Ming. 2019. "Varlitinib Downregulates HER/ERK Signaling and Induces Apoptosis in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells." Cancers 11, no. 1: 105.
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