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Review

Evolution of Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences in Japan

1
Hospital of the National Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555, Japan
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas—Southwestern Medical Center, 2280 Inwood Rd., Dallas, TX 75390, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2018, 10(3), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10030066
Received: 4 February 2018 / Revised: 2 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 March 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Proton and Carbon Ion Therapy)
Charged particles can achieve better dose distribution and higher biological effectiveness compared to photon radiotherapy. Carbon ions are considered an optimal candidate for cancer treatment using particles. The National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in Chiba, Japan was the first radiotherapy hospital dedicated for carbon ion treatments in the world. Since its establishment in 1994, the NIRS has pioneered this therapy with more than 69 clinical trials so far, and hundreds of ancillary projects in physics and radiobiology. In this review, we will discuss the evolution of carbon ion radiotherapy at the NIRS and some of the current and future projects in the field. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon ion radiotherapy; CIRT; National Institute of Radiological Sciences; NIRS; particle therapy carbon ion radiotherapy; CIRT; National Institute of Radiological Sciences; NIRS; particle therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohamad, O.; Makishima, H.; Kamada, T. Evolution of Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences in Japan. Cancers 2018, 10, 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10030066

AMA Style

Mohamad O, Makishima H, Kamada T. Evolution of Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences in Japan. Cancers. 2018; 10(3):66. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10030066

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohamad, Osama, Hirokazu Makishima, and Tadashi Kamada. 2018. "Evolution of Carbon Ion Radiotherapy at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences in Japan" Cancers 10, no. 3: 66. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10030066

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