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Open AccessReview

Systemic Anti-Cancer Therapy in Synovial Sarcoma: A Systematic Review

1
Duke Cancer Institute, Duke University Health System, Durham, NC 27710, USA
2
The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Institute of Cancer Research, London SW3 6JJ, UK
3
Department of Medical Oncology, Institute Bergonié, 33000 Bordeaux, France
4
Immune Design Corporation, San Francisco, CA 94080, USA
5
ICON Epidemiology, ICON plc, Abingdon OX14 4RY, UK
6
ICON Epidemiology, ICON plc, Vancouver, BC V6B 1P1, Canada
7
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
8
Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
9
Siteman Cancer Center, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2018, 10(11), 417; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers10110417
Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
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Abstract

Synovial sarcoma (SS) is an aggressive malignancy which accounts for approximately 5–10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. SS has pathologic and genomic characteristics that define it as a distinct subtype of soft tissue sarcoma (STS). STS subtypes continue to be recognized as distinct entities with specific characteristics, including differential chemo-sensitivity. The objective of this study was to conduct a descriptive review of current data on survival outcomes of systemic anti-cancer therapy specific to SS. A systematic literature review was conducted, using a custom search strategy to search EMBASE, Medline and CENTRAL for clinical trials and observational studies reporting overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and/or response for cohorts of at least 50 SS patients. We identified 28 studies meeting these criteria, 25 of which were retrospective studies. Only three prospective studies were identified. Survival reports varied widely between studies based on the population, in particular on the disease stage, and reporting was heterogeneous in terms of the time points reported on. For patients with localized disease, reports of five-year PFS ranged from 26% to 80.7% and five-year OS from 40% to 90.7%, whereas five-year OS for patients with metastatic disease was very low at around 10%; and in one case, 0% was reported. Only four of the included publications reported outcomes by type of systemic anti-cancer therapy received. Our study draws attention to the fact that additional prospective studies to better define the most appropriate treatment for SS in all stages and lines of therapy are still needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: synovial sarcoma; survival; chemotherapy; systemic anti-cancer therapy; systematic review synovial sarcoma; survival; chemotherapy; systemic anti-cancer therapy; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Riedel, R.F.; Jones, R.L.; Italiano, A.; Bohac, C.; Thompson, J.C.; Mueller, K.; Khan, Z.; Pollack, S.M.; Van Tine, B.A. Systemic Anti-Cancer Therapy in Synovial Sarcoma: A Systematic Review. Cancers 2018, 10, 417.

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