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Micromachines 2018, 9(3), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9030126

Micro-UFO (Untethered Floating Object): A Highly Accurate Microrobot Manipulation Technique

1
Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul 34349, Turkey
2
Science and Technology Research and Application Center, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul 34349, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 3 March 2018 / Accepted: 12 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nano Robotics, Volume II)
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Abstract

A new microrobot manipulation technique with high precision (nano level) positional accuracy to move in a liquid environment with diamagnetic levitation is presented. Untethered manipulation of microrobots by means of externally applied magnetic forces has been emerging as a promising field of research, particularly due to its potential for medical and biological applications. The purpose of the presented method is to eliminate friction force between the surface of the substrate and microrobot. In an effort to achieve high accuracy motion, required magnetic force for the levitation of the microrobot was determined by finite element method (FEM) simulations in COMSOL (version 5.3, COMSOL Inc., Stockholm, Sweden) and verified by experimental results. According to position of the lifter magnet, the levitation height of the microrobot in the liquid was found analytically, and compared with the experimental results head-to-head. The stable working range of the microrobot is between 30 µm to 330 µm, and it was confirmed in both simulations and experimental results. It can follow the given trajectory with high accuracy (<1 µm error avg.) at varied speeds and levitation heights. Due to the nano-level positioning accuracy, desired locomotion can be achieved in pre-specified trajectories (sinusoidal or circular). During its locomotion, phase difference between lifter magnet and carrier magnet has been observed, and relation with drag force effect has been discussed. Without using strong electromagnets or bulky permanent magnets, our manipulation approach can move the microrobot in three dimensions in a liquid environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: microrobots; untethered microrobotic manipulation; diamagnetic levitation microrobots; untethered microrobotic manipulation; diamagnetic levitation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Uvet, H.; Demircali, A.A.; Kahraman, Y.; Varol, R.; Kose, T.; Erkan, K. Micro-UFO (Untethered Floating Object): A Highly Accurate Microrobot Manipulation Technique. Micromachines 2018, 9, 126.

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