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Micromachines 2018, 9(3), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9030103

Experimental Research on Fluid Coupling Flexible Actuator

1
College of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
2
College of Communication Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
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Abstract

In the field of micromechanics, piezoelectric actuator has attracted great attention for its high-frequency response, high displacement resolution, and high output force. However, its prospect of practical application has been largely limited by the displacement of micrometer. A fluid coupling flexible actuator was proposed, which utilizes resonance to enlarge the output displacement. The actuator uses a piezoelectric oscillator as an excitation source, fluid as the transmission medium and a flexible diaphragm for the displacement output. On the condition that the fluid is inviscid and incompressible, mathematical formulation of the membrane vibration theory has been analyzed. Then, the prototype is made. The displacement is amplified 21 times to 1.106 mm when driving frequency is 127 Hz. The flexible diaphragm appears the largest displacement output when driving frequency is close to one of the system’s natural frequency. Then, the points with zero amplitude form a circle on the surface of flexible diaphragm and the movement direction of the flexible diaphragm is opposite on different sides of the circle. In fact, rather than vibrates at the first resonance frequency, the membrane in the essay is vibrating at a certain higher-order resonance frequency. The experimental results are mainly consistent with the theoretical analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric; flexible actuator; fluid-solid coupling; displacement amplification; flexible diaphragm piezoelectric; flexible actuator; fluid-solid coupling; displacement amplification; flexible diaphragm
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zeng, X.; Wu, Y.; Tu, Q.; Dong, J.; Yang, Z.; Li, X. Experimental Research on Fluid Coupling Flexible Actuator. Micromachines 2018, 9, 103.

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