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A Changeable Lab-on-a-Chip Detector for Marine Nonindigenous Microorganisms in Ship’s Ballast Water

College of Marine Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
College of Information and Science Technology, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2018, 9(1), 20;
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 31 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 5 January 2018
PDF [9579 KB, uploaded 5 January 2018]


The spread and invasion of many nonindigenous species in the ship’s ballast water around the world has been a hazard and threat to ecology, economy, and human health. The rapid and accurate detection of marine invasive species in ship’s ballast water is essential. This article is aimed at analysing ballast water quality by means of a changeable microfluidic chip detector thus comply with the D-2 standard of ship’s ballast water management and sediment convention. The detection system was designed through the integration of microfluidic chip technology, the impedance pulse sensing and LED light induced chlorophyll fluorescence (LED-LICF) detection. This system can measure the number, size, shape, and volume of targeted microorganisms, and it can also determine the chlorophyll fluorescence intensity, which is an important factor in analysing the activity of phytoplankton. The targeted samples were Chlorella volutis, Dunaliella salina, Platymonas subcordiformis, Chrysophytes, Escherichia coli, and Enterococci. The whole detection or operation can be accomplished through online detection in a few minutes with using micron volume of the sample solution. The valid data outputs are simultaneously displayed in terms of both impedance pulse amplitudes and fluorescent intensity signals. The detection system is designed for multi-sizes real time detection through changing the microchannel sizes on the microfluidic chip. Because it can successfully detect the label-free microorganisms, the system can be applicable to in-situ detections with some modifications to the system. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; bacteria; microfluidic chip; resistance pulse sensor; fluorescence detection microalgae; bacteria; microfluidic chip; resistance pulse sensor; fluorescence detection

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Maw, M.M.; Pan, X.; Peng, Z.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, L.; Dai, B.; Wang, J. A Changeable Lab-on-a-Chip Detector for Marine Nonindigenous Microorganisms in Ship’s Ballast Water. Micromachines 2018, 9, 20.

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