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Novel Miniature and Selective Combustion-Type CMOS Gas Sensor for Gas-Mixture Analysis—Part 1: Emphasis on Chemical Aspects

Electrical Engineering Department, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
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Micromachines 2020, 11(4), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11040345 (registering DOI)
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
There is an ongoing effort to fabricate miniature, low cost, sensitive, and selective gas sensors for domestic and industrial uses. This paper presents a miniature combustion-type gas sensor (GMOS) based on a thermal sensor, where a micromachined CMOS–SOI transistor integrated with a catalytic reaction plate acts as a sensing element. This study emphasizes GMOS performance modeling, technological aspects, and sensing-selectivity issues. Two deposition techniques of a Pt catalytic layer suitable for wafer-level processing were compared, magnetron sputtering and nanoparticle inkjet printing. Both techniques have been useful for the fabrication of GMOS sensor, with good sensitivity to ethanol and acetone in the air. However, a printed Pt nanoparticle catalyst provides almost twice as much sensitivity as compared to that of the sputtered catalyst. Moreover, sensing selectivity in the ethanol/acetone gas mixture was demonstrated for the GMOS with a Pt nanoparticle catalyst. These advantages of GMOS allow for the fabrication of a low-cost gas sensor that requires a low power, and make it a promising technology for future smartphones, wearables, and Internet of Things (IoT) applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: catalytic gas sensor; CMOS–SOI–MEMS; selectivity; Pt nanoparticle; inkjet printing catalytic gas sensor; CMOS–SOI–MEMS; selectivity; Pt nanoparticle; inkjet printing
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Shlenkevitch, D.; Stolyarova, S.; Blank, T.; Brouk, I.; Nemirovsky, Y. Novel Miniature and Selective Combustion-Type CMOS Gas Sensor for Gas-Mixture Analysis—Part 1: Emphasis on Chemical Aspects. Micromachines 2020, 11, 345.

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