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Design and Electrochemical Characterization of Spiral Electrochemical Notification Coupled Electrode (SENCE) Platform for Biosensing Application

1
Department of Bioengineering, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
2
EnLiSense LLC, 1813 Audubon Pondway, Allen, TX 75013, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Micromachines 2020, 11(3), 333; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11030333
Received: 2 March 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosensors and MEMS-based Diagnostic Applications)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is considered to be an important biomarker associated with many diseases. During any physiological inflammation, the level of CRP reaches its peak at 48 h, whereas its half-life is around 19 h. Hence, the detection of low-level CRP is an important task for the prognostic management of diseases like cancer, stress, metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and so on. There are various techniques available in the market to detect low-level CRP like ELISA, Western blot, etc. An electrochemical biosensor is one of the important miniaturized platforms which provides sensitivity along with ease of operation. The most important element of an electrochemical biosensor platform is the electrode which, upon functionalization with a probe, captures the selective antibody–antigen interaction and produces a digital signal in the form of potential/current. Optimization of the electrode design can increase the sensitivity of the sensor by 5–10-fold. Herein, we come up with a new sensor design called the spiral electrochemical notification coupled electrode (SENCE) where the working electrode (WE) is concentric in nature, which shows better response than the market-available standard screen-printed electrode. The sensor is thoroughly characterized using a standard Ferro/Ferri couple. The sensing performance of the fabricated platform is also characterized by the detection of standard H2O2 using a diffusion-driven technique, and a low detection limit of 15 µM was achieved. Furthermore, we utilized the platform to detect a low level (100 ng/mL) of CRP in synthetic sweat. The manuscript provides emphasis on the design of a sensor that can offer good sensitivity in electrochemical biosensing applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: concentric design; electrochemical biosensor; C-reactive protein concentric design; electrochemical biosensor; C-reactive protein
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Sardesai, A.U.; Dhamu, V.N.; Paul, A.; Muthukumar, S.; Prasad, S. Design and Electrochemical Characterization of Spiral Electrochemical Notification Coupled Electrode (SENCE) Platform for Biosensing Application. Micromachines 2020, 11, 333.

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