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Article

Mobile In-Ear Power Sensor for Jaw Joint Activity

Mechanical Engineering Departement at École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(12), 1047; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11121047
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 19 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nano- Scale Energy Harvester)
In only a short time, in-ear wearables have gone from hearing aids to a host of electronic devices such as wireless earbuds and digital earplugs. To operate, these devices rely exclusively on batteries, which are not only cumbersome but known for several drawbacks. In this paper, the earcanal dynamic movements generated by jaw activity are evaluated as an alternative source of energy that could replace batteries. A mobile in-ear power sensor device capable of measuring jaw activity metrics is prototyped and tested on three test subjects. The test results are subsequently analyzed using a detection algorithm to detect the jaw activity based on the captured audio signals and to classify them into four main categories, namely chewing, swallowing, coughing and talking. The mean power associated with each category of activity is then calculated by using the pressure signals as measured by a water-inflated earplug subjected to earcanal dynamic movement. The results show that 3.8 mW of power, achieved mainly by the chewing movement, is readily available on average from within the earcanal. View Full-Text
Keywords: jaw joint activity; in-ear power sensor; earcanal dynamic movement; energy harvesting jaw joint activity; in-ear power sensor; earcanal dynamic movement; energy harvesting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouchard-Roy, J.; Delnavaz, A.; Voix, J. Mobile In-Ear Power Sensor for Jaw Joint Activity. Micromachines 2020, 11, 1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11121047

AMA Style

Bouchard-Roy J, Delnavaz A, Voix J. Mobile In-Ear Power Sensor for Jaw Joint Activity. Micromachines. 2020; 11(12):1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11121047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouchard-Roy, Jacob, Aidin Delnavaz, and Jérémie Voix. 2020. "Mobile In-Ear Power Sensor for Jaw Joint Activity" Micromachines 11, no. 12: 1047. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11121047

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