Variations of Growth and Toxin Yield in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii under Different Phosphorus Concentrations
AbstractThe bloom-forming cyanobacteria, Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, is a producer of the cytotoxic cylindrospermopsin (CYN). In this study, the growth, toxin yield, and expression of CYN biosynthesis genes of C. raciborskii were examined under varying phosphorus (P) concentrations. The results show the cell number at 0.00 and 0.01 mg·L−1 P was significantly lower than that at higher P concentrations (≥0.5 mg·L−1). The chlorophyll a content, filament length, heterocyst, and akinete numbers at P ≤ 0.05 mg·L−1 were also significantly reduced. The intracellular and extracellular CYN concentrations and the extracellular proportions increased during the culture period, and larger values were observed at higher P concentrations. Total CYN content reached 45.34–63.83 fg·cell−1 and extracellular CYN proportion reached 11.49%–20.44% at the stationary growth phase. A significantly positive correlation was observed between CYN production and cell growth rate. Three cyr genes were expressed constantly even at P-deficient conditions. The transcription of cyr genes at P-replete conditions or after P supplementation increased from 1.18-fold to 8.33-fold. In conclusion, C. raciborskii may rapidly reorganize metabolic processes as an adaptive response to environmental P fluctuations. CYN production and cyr gene expression were constitutive metabolic processes in toxic C. raciborskii. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
XLSX-Document (XLSX, 15 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Yang, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Li, X.; Li, H.; Chen, Y.; Xie, J.; Cai, F.; Li, R. Variations of Growth and Toxin Yield in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii under Different Phosphorus Concentrations. Toxins 2017, 9, 13.
Yang Y, Jiang Y, Li X, Li H, Chen Y, Xie J, Cai F, Li R. Variations of Growth and Toxin Yield in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii under Different Phosphorus Concentrations. Toxins. 2017; 9(1):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Yiming; Jiang, Yongguang; Li, Xiaochuang; Li, Hua; Chen, Youxin; Xie, Jinlin; Cai, Fangfang; Li, Renhui. 2017. "Variations of Growth and Toxin Yield in Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii under Different Phosphorus Concentrations." Toxins 9, no. 1: 13.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.